LIST OF PUBLICATIONS RELATED TO THE FIELD OF ENVIRONMENT

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TUMBUHAN KETUM DI MALAYSIA: CABARAN DAN PROSPEK

Samihah Khalil @ Halim, Siti Alida John Abdullah & Rusniah Ahmad

ISBN 978-967-2064-80-0, 134 pp.

2018

ketum?Ketum?satu-satunya tumbuhan yang mempunyai potensi teramat tinggi dari sudut perubatan? memerlukan kajian yang sebelum ini tidak pernah diterokai dengan mendalam dan menyeluruh. Potensinya adalah lebih tinggi daripada pokok opium dari sudut khasiat perubatan. Pihak berwajib perlu melihat aspek kesihatan dan potensi ini dengan lebih serius. Ketum boleh diibaratkan sebagai ?The magical plant of Malaysia?.

Prof. Dr. Mustafa Ali Mohamed, Fakulti Perubatan, Universiti Malaya.  

Sumbangan Ibn-Sina (The father of early modern science) kepada rawatan alternatif menggunakan tumbuh-tumbuhan hukum dan nisbah ?al-mijaz? iaitu tentang tata-cara mengguna, kaedah menyimpan-mengawet serta memberi preskripsi tentang penyediaan adunan tumbuhan agar memberikan kesan terapeutik kepada pengguna. Theophrast (The father of botany) pula memberi nasihat bagaimana tumbuh-tumbuhan bertoksid boleh meninggalkan kesan ketagihan jika tidak dipantau pengambilannya. Justeru, ketum berpotensi untuk dikaji secara saintifik dan dikomersialkan agar manfaatnya adalah untuk kemashlahatan ummah.

Samihah Khalil, Universiti Utara Malaysia

 

KELESTARIAN PENGHIDUPAN PETANI LUAR BANDAR

Ahmad Zubir Ibrahim & Chamhuri Siwar

ISBN 978-967-2064-176, 160 pp.

2017

 

lestariKelestarian penghidupan merupakan satu pendekatan yang sinonim dengan usaha membasmi kemiskinan. Pendekatan ini memberi tumpuan kepada kekuatan manusia untuk menjalani kehidupan yang lebih bermakna tanpa menjejaskan hak dan keperluan generasi yang akan datang. Pendekatan penghidupan melalui proses pembangunan yang dirancang secara langsung dapat meningkatkan taraf penghidupan lestari.

Bagi mendalami kelestarian penghidupan penduduk luar bandar, buku ini cuba mengetengahkan isu kemiskinan dan kelestarian penghidupan dalam kalangan petani padi. Persoalan dan perbincangan dalam penghidupan petani padi bukan sekadar kepada isu kemiskinan semata-mata, malah turut membincangkan pemilikan aset kehidupan golongan ini.

Impak pemilikan aset penghidupan bukan sekadar diterjemahkan kepada keupayaan memperoleh pendapatan semata-mata, malah turut menilai kemampuan petani padi untuk mencapai keselamatan makanan di peringkat isi rumah. Pada masa yang sama, buku ini turut mengetengahkan kemudahterancaman yang dihadapi oleh golongan ini.

Terdapat beberapa cadangan telah dikenal pasti sebagai mekanisme bagi mempertingkatkan penghidupan petani padi. Buku ini diharap dapat memberi ilmu kepada semua pihak yang berminat mendalami penghidupan masyarakat luar bandar khususnya petani padi.

  

IKLIM DAN PENGELUARAN PADI DI KAWASAN PENGAIRAN MUDA

Ahmad Zubir Ibrahim

ISBN 978-967-2064-47-3, 74 pp.

2017

padiAbad ke-21, menyaksikan setiap negara di dunia berhadapan dengan fenomena perubahan iklim. Situasi ini secara langsung memberi kesan dan menjejaskan tahap pengeluaran makanan sesebuah negara. Di samping itu juga, perubahan iklim dengan sendirinya mengakibatkan peningkatan pengeluaran berisiko dan kemusnahan kawasan luar bandar terutama di kawasan yang mudah terdedah dengan kemarau, banjir, kemiskinan dan kebuluran.

Kesan daripada fenomena sejagat ini juga, turut menjejaskan sektor pertanian terutama dari segi pengeluaran makanan. Secara tidak langsung, keadaan ini turut memberi implikasi ke atas tahap keselamatan makanan negara. Impak daripada fenomena ini bukan hanya menjejaskan kedudukan makanan di peringkat negara, malah menggugat kemampuan isi rumah untuk mendapatkan makanan yang mencukupi.

Intergovermental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) meramalkan dekad yang akan datang akan mengakibatkan berbilion penduduk berhadapan dengan pola perubahan hujan (mengakibatkan kekurangan air dan banjir) dan peningkatan cuaca (memberi kesan kepada perubahan musim penanaman) sekali gus menjejaskan pengeluaran makanan. Kawasan pengairan Muda telah dipilih bagi mengkaji impak perubahan iklim ke atas pengeluaran makanan negara.

Pemilihan kawasan pengairan Muda susulan daripada kawasan ini merupakan penyumbang terbesar pengeluaran padi negara. Monograf ini juga turut membincangkan kesan perubahan iklim ke atas pengeluaran padi di kawasan Muda berdasarkan pengalaman petani.

  

PENGURUSAN SUNGAI MENGIKUT UNDANG-UNDANG

Harlida Abdul Wahab & Nurli Yaacob

ISBN 978-967-0876-46-7, 126 pp.

2016

sungaiBuku ini membincangkan aspek pengurusan sungai menurut undang-undang. Isu yang diketengahkan dan menjadi perkara utama perbincangan ialah sungai yang menjadi sumber utama membekalkan air kepada manusia. Namun, akibat daripada faktor yang pelbagai termasuk aktiviti manusia, kualiti air sungai berada pada tahap yang membimbangkan. Pencemaran yang berlaku terhasil daripada pembuangan sisa industri, domestik dan sebagainya menjejaskan kualiti air sungai yang sepatutnya membekalkan air bersih untuk kehidupan.

Undang-undang dilihat sebagai salah satu mekanisme luaran yang mampu menjamin pengurusan sungai yang sempurna supaya terhindar dari sebarang unsur pencemaran. Selain itu, kerangka perundangan yang sedia ada diaplikasi di Malaysia menjadi punca perwujudan kerangka institusi yakni agensi atau jabatan yang ditubuhkan bagi tujuan melaksana dan menguatkuasakan perundangan tersebut.

Atas dasar ini maka skop perbincangan adalah tertumpu kepada tiga perkara iaitu masalah pencemaran dan pengurusan sungai, peruntukan undang-undang yang terpakai di Malaysia, dan agensi yang terlibat dalam melaksana dan menguatkuasakan undang-undang.

 

REAL ESTATE INVESTMENT TRUST (REITS) EFFICIENCY: DEA APPROACH

Siti Latipah & Harun Fauziah Hanim Tafri

ISBN 978-967-0474-42-7, 50 pp.

2014

reitThis book is designed to explain the concepts, issues and method used in measuring efficiency of REITs in Malaysia. Real Estate Investment Trust is a type of investment trust focusing on Real Estate. The best examples of Real Estate are building, office, land and plantations.

Therefore, many people including operator, customer, regulator, academicians, university?s students and community as a whole will benefit from it. Its guide readers through the importance of measuring efficiency of REITs and help them in making investment decision. This book had been developing to help people to understand and explain the issue as well as the development of REITs in Malaysia.

 

 

 

INFRASTRUCTURE PROCUREMENT FRAMEWORK FOR LOCAL AUTHORITY

Dani Salleh & Mazlan Ismail

ISBN 978-967-0474-43-4, 105 pp.

2014

infraThe spread of infrastructure requirements and variety in mechanisms used to secure contributions (infrastructure provision) from private sector was a reflection of the institutional framework in planning system. The study has identified that although both private and local authorities have a good understanding of the fundamental of concept of local infrastructure provision and the arguments for and against the use of private provision, there are still considerable areas of uncertainty surrounding the precise definition (as prescribed in the relevant legislations) and measurements of the key elements pertaining to local infrastructure.

The findings revealed that the previous studies has tended to examine the nature of the practice of the infrastructure delivery within the framework of national economy and very little focus has been given to a comprehensive examination on how private developers can be involved in local infrastructure development. The primary problem is that there is no single framework available at the local level that might be considered or applied to secure infrastructure from private developers. The study then provides the parameters for securing contributions towards infrastructure provision. To achieve a complete understanding of this issue, it is necessary to appreciate the broader picture of what is required in terms of infrastructure for the operation of the urban environment.

 

STATE GOVERNMENT LAND TAX PERFORMANCE IN MALAYSIA

Nor Aziah Abdul Manaf

ISBN 983-3282-63-6, 121 pp.

2016

landState Government Land Tax Performance is a specific book that discusses in detail land tax administration system in Malaysia. It provides an in-depth analysis of the efficiency, productivity, administration system, staff motivation and work commitment of the Malaysian land tax system. It also covers a systematic approach of literature review, research design, questionnaire development and data collection.

This book proves invaluable for land tax administrators, land and mines officers, business consultants, researchers, academics and society. Public Administration students will find this book which has useful contents, findings and discussions useful, thus giving a real grasp of the administration system and its practice.

 

 

 

CORPORATE INSOLVENCY LAWS IN ABANDONED HOUSING PROJECTS: ISSUES AND PROSPECTS

Nuarrual Hilal Md. Dahlan

ISBN 978-967-0474-75-5, 327 pp.

2014

lawsThis book discusses the provisions and legal principles under the Insolvency Law in Malaysia in face of the issue of abandoned housing projects and its rehabilitation. Apart from the Malaysian Insolvency Law, this book also analyses comparatively between the insolvency legal provisions and legal principles under the United Kingdom and Singapore Insolvency Laws. The approach of this book is by way of legal analyses over the relevant insolvency legal provisions in Malaysia, the United Kingdom and the Republic of Singapore.

The discussion is further enriched and collaborated by the case studies conducted over several abandoned housing projects in Malaysia that have been subject to the insolvency administration. In addition, the author also provides relevant official statistics and reports of abandoned housing projects and numerous examples of abandoned housing project cases illustrating the diverse problems, complications, issues and grievances.

The outcome and proposals of this book will be beneficial to the legal practitioners, judicial and legal services, insolvency practitioners, housing developers, financial institutions, contractors, housing consultants, technical agencies, land and state authorities, purchasers of units in abandoned housing projects, consumers? associations, relevant private and government agencies and Federal and States Ministries, students and policy makers in the insolvency legal administration in Malaysia, particularly for those who are directly involved in abandoned housing projects and its rehabilitation in Malaysia.

 

COMPARATIVE HOUSING SALES AND PURCHASE AGREEMENTS UNDER THE MALAYSIA, SINGAPORE AND NEW SOUTH WALES HOUSING LAWS

Nuarrual Hilal Md Dahlan

ISBN 978-967-5311-66-6, 276 pp.

2011

comparativeAbandoned housing projects is one the major problems in housing industry in Peninsular Malaysia. The reasons leading to this problem are many. This catastrophe has caused multifarious problems to the stakeholders, particularly the purchasers who become the aggrieved parties. To date, there is no effective and once-and-for-all means to face the problems of abandoned housing projects.

One of the factors which causes abandonment of housing projects in Peninsular Malaysia, is the lack of political will on part of the government to adopt an affirmative better housing delivery system such as the ?full build then sell system? and the introduction of a housing development insurance to face the problems of housing abandonment.

This book provides in-depth analyses of the terms and conditions of the statutory standard sale and purchase agreements as enshrined in Schedules G, H, I and J of the Housing Development (Control and Licensing) Regulations 1989. The objective of this book, among others, is to identify the weaknesses of the terms of the agreements, if any, which may have contributed to the problem of abandoned housing projects and their consequential troubles.

As comparative analyses, the terms and conditions of the sale and purchase agreements as applicable and enforced in the Republic of Singapore and New South Wales, Australia, are chosen. The purpose of these comparative analyses is to find the terms and conditions in these foreign jurisdictions? agreements which can be learned and adopted in the statutory standard sale and purchase agreements (Schedules G, H, I and J). It is also for the betterment of the Malaysian housing industry as a whole, and to protect the interests of the stakeholders, in particular the purchasers as against the problems of housing abandonment and its consequences.

 

LEGAL ISSUES IN THE REHABILITATION OF ABANDONED HOUSING PROJECTS

Nuarrual Hilal Md Dahlan

ISBN 978-967-5311-76-5, 204 pp.

2011

legalAbandoned housing project is one of the housing problems in Peninsular Malaysia. Even though there are laws and policies provided by the Malaysian Government to control the housing industry, the abandoned housing project is still an unsettled issue for the Malaysian Government to tackle. The real victims are the purchasers themselves. There is virtually no standard common way to face the problems of abandoned housing projects. Likewise, there is no similar specific method to deal with the rehabilitation of abandoned housing projects. This is due to the fact that in every abandoned housing project and its rehabilitation, the problem and issues faced by the stakeholders vary.

Thus different methods are used to deal with the problems, especially to rehabilitate the projects. If the project is not variable for rehabilitation, the project will be stalled forever without any prospects for rehabilitation, to the detriment of the purchasers.

This book discusses the law and practice in rehabilitating abandoned housing project in Peninsular Malaysia. Certain suggestions are also provided in this modest book for facing the problems of abandoned housing projects and their rehabilitation in Peninsular Malaysia and for the betterment of the housing industry in Peninsular Malaysia.

 

DEFINING ?HOUSING DEVELOPER? AND ?HOUSING DEVELOPMENT? UNDER MALAYSIAN HOUSING LAW

Nuarrual Hilal Md. Dahlan & Abdul Rani Kamaruddin

ISBN 978-967-5311-42-0, 95 pp.

2010

definingThe words ?housing developer? and ?housing development? have been defined in section 3 of the Housing Development (Control and Licensing) Act 1966 (?the Act?). These statutory definitions have severally been discussed and examined by the courts in several case law and it has been contended that the meanings of the definitions are too loose, enigmatic and vague.

The certitude on the meaning of ?housing developer? and ?housing development? is a must for otherwise, it would be difficult for the Ministry of Housing and Local Government (MHLG) and as well as to the public to identify persons deemed to be ?housing developers? or carrying out ?housing development?. It is perceived that not all persons, who have literally been called as ?housing developers?, or carrying out ?housing developments? activities fall within the intended legal and statutory definitions of the Act. Thus they are not required to abide by the provisions of the Act.

Conversely, persons who may have been initially deemed not to have undertaken activities of ?housing developer? or carrying out ?housing development?, yet based on the principles adopted and defined in section 3 of the Act and the judgments in the case law, have rendered them not to have fallen into the meaning of ?housing developers? and/or carrying out ?housing development? and thus are subject to the provisions and obligations provided in the Act.


ISSUES OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
Hamidi Ismail & Tuan Pah Rokiah Syed Hussain, ISBN 978-983-9559-94-1, 363 pgs.
Edited Work (2003)

1This book touches some aspects concerning the environment from a variety of angles. Environmental pollution in Malaysia and alternative solutions are seen as the beginning of a more comprehensive discussion. Some of the environmental problems of the country, including pollution are discussed and described briefly. Among them are the destruction of mangrove forest economy and the impact on the environment, and flash flooding that has also been given attention. For complete discussion, several measures of environmental management were also highlighted. Hopefully, the discussion featured in this book to be a useful guide to every individual and society in the furtherance of better quality of life.

 

 

 

 

ENVIRONMENT AND TOURISM MANAGEMENT IN MALAYSIA:
CONCEPTION AND RESEARCH
Hamidi Ismail, Tuan Pah Rokiah Syed Hussain & Johan Afendi Ibrahim,
ISBN 983-3282-75-X, 225 pgs.
Edited Work (2006)

2This book is a collection of articles that discuss about environmental management and tourism sector in Malaysia. Currently tourism is a growing industry. In line with this development, the Government focused specifically on it because the industry can generate economic growth and improve the economic status of the locals. Planning and development of tourism in a destination should be managed prudently in order to survive for long term. It is undeniable that this process sometimes produces positive and negative impacts to the community and the environment. Therefore, steps and methods need to be implemented towards minimizing the initial concept and explanation regarding the theory related to the environment and visitor attractions. The second part details about case study based on the research of tourism and the environment. Finally, the summary and recommendations of the author concerning the issues discussed are enclosed.

 

 

THE IMPORTANCE, ROLE AND RECREATIONAL MANAGEMENT ISSUES
Azilah Kasim & Raslinda Mohd Ghazali

ISBN 983-3282-15-6, 191 pgs.
Edited Work (2006)

3Recreational activity is an aspect of life that is often considered trivial by the community. However, if studied in fine, then we will find that the recreation actually has a very important role in providing a wide range of values to mankind. This book fathoms the meaning of recreation, the role and recreational values in human life, as well as management issues of a recreational park regardless of whether natural resource-based or man-made. The discussion highlighted many of the management-driven scenario and emphasis on the proposed solutions. As a country that is rich with recreational parks, Malaysia requires experts to manage these areas very well. This book can be an important reference on the principles and concepts of recreational park management objectives to develop a healthy living culture among Malaysians.

 

 

 

 

ECOTOURISM IN THE IMT-GT REGION: ISSUES AND CHALLENGES
Kalsom Kayat, Nurhazani Mohd Shariff & Mohamad Khairi Mohamad@Alwi
ISBN 983-3282-72-5, 247 pages
Edited Work (2006)

4As a new concept, ecotourism is surrounded by countless issues and inquiries. The dimensions of issues include the management and policies for ecotourism development, the impacts from ecotourism operation and ecotourism marketing. Several of these issues were addressed by the paper presenters at the IMT-GT International Conference on Ecotourism that was held in December 2003 at Universiti Utara Malaysia (UUM). This book consists of a chosen number of papers presented at the conference that may become a good resource for future discussions and research in the area of ecotourism in the IMT-GT region as well as in the global context.

 

 

 

 

READINGS ON TOURISM AND HOSPITALITY (VOLUME I)
Azilah Kasim & Shaharuddin Tahir
ISBN 983-3827-16-9, 386 pages
Edited Work (2007)

5This book of readings presents a collection of empirical research in various disciplines related to tourism and hospitality. As such, it contains a wealth of knowledge, most of which are new findings and insights within the context of developing countries. Its multidisciplinary nature ensures that readers continue to be engaged. They will also find pleasure in discovering the various facets of the highly fragmented tourism and hospitality industry. This book is particularly useful for young researchers looking to gain knowledge in a particular area of tourism and hospitality research; and become familiar with aspects of research writing such as the techniques of writing up methodologies, reviewing the literature and discussing research findings. In Volume two, readers will have the opportunity to read work from various scholars specializing in Legal and Safety Issues, Planning and Design in Tourism and Strategic Management and Quality.

 

 

 

READINGS ON TOURISM AND HOSPITALITY (VOLUME II)
Azilah Kasim & Shaharuddin Tahir
ISBN 983-3827-15-2, 260 pages
Edited Work (2007)

6This book of readings presents a collection of empirical research in various disciplines related to tourism and hospitality. As such, it contains a wealth of knowledge, most of which are new findings and insights within the context of developing countries. Its multidisciplinary nature ensures that readers continue to be engaged. They will also find pleasure in discovering the various facets of the highly fragmented tourism and hospitality industry. This book is particularly useful for young researchers looking to gain knowledge in a particular area of tourism and hospitality research; and become familiar with aspects of research writing such as the techniques of writing up methodologies, reviewing the literature and discussing research findings. In Volume two, readers will have the opportunity to read work from various scholars specializing in Legal and Safety Issues, Planning and Design in Tourism and Strategic Management and Quality.

 

 

 

REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT AND THE ENVIRONMENT: CHALLENGES IN THE REALIZATION OF THE NINTH MALAYSIA PLAN
Asan Ali Golam Hassan
ISBN 978-983-3827-47-3, 396 pgs.
Edited Work (2008)

7This book is the first ski of a collection of articles that discuss the challenges in realizing the RMK-9 in terms of development, regional planning and the environment. Among the issues discussed was the problem of the current demo-socioeconomic, sustainable development issues related to environmental conservation which also needs the control factor. Also discussed were issues related to public services and quality of life, as well as the regional development imbalances. Other issues dealt with were the rural development covering the evolution of the agricultural sector direction, the economic base of diversity, poverty alleviation, economic strategy of the Malays, idle agricultural land development within the context of institutional approach followed by increasing the development of the City with the states discussed are Kuala Lumpur, Malacca and Sabah. On the other hand, issue concerning international territory involves Asean Free Trade Area (AFTA) and patterns of intra trade among the five ASEAN countries. The automotive industry in Asia, besides international economic co-operation is also displayed.

 

 

TOURISM MALAYSIA: THE ISSUE OF DEVELOPMENT, CULTURE, COMMUNITY AND LOCALISATION
Penyelenggara: Yahaya Ibrahim, Sulong Mohamad & Habibah Ahmad
ISBN 978-963-3827-52-7, 317 pgs.
Edited Work (2010)

8The collection of articles in this book discusses the four main themes, namely, development, culture, community and localisation. Large amount of the articles contained in this book is the result of studies done around the 1990s and contemporary. Generally, the issue of tourism in Malaysia is the focus in the discussion that covers a variety of aspects. Among the aspects addressed are the relevance of development, challenges to balance mainstream of global tourism and sustainable development. Overall, this work featuring the expertise of researchers in analysing the vague perspective of tourism development in Malaysia.

 

 

 

 

TOURISM RESEARCH IN MALAYSIA: WHAT, WHICH WAY AND SO WHAT?
Kadir Din & Jabil Mapjabil
ISBN 978-967-5311-56-7, 365 pages
Edited Work (2010)

9This collection offers a sample of contemporary works on tourism and its impact on the Malaysian environment, written by academics from a variety of perspectives. Given the growing body of literature on different aspects of the industry the coverage is by no means representative, let alone exhaustive, of the current discourse. Nonetheless the nineteen chapters cover a range of interests and concerns which have emerged as a consequence of spectacular growth in tourist arrival which currently places Malaysia as one of the most popular destinations in Asia. Recent forecast indicates that the growth trends will continue for at least another decade before the country as a destination approaches maturity. This volume would be a useful reference for students, academic and other researchers who are looking for detailed information to enable them to analyze the impacts and implications of tourism development on the host society.

 

 

 

ENVIRONMENT AND PUBLIC HEALTH
Haliza Abdul Rahman & Rapeah Suppian
ISBN 978-967-5311-78-9, 241 pgs.
Edited Work (2011)

10This book brings the reader to see the effects of development on the environment. Although the development is important to the nation's progress, the neglect of certain parties causing community to pay with the affected state of health. This book managed to peel the issue of the importance of environmental care, wellbeing and community health as well as showing the relationship between the environment, public health and management. Most of the issues discussed in this book are the result of studies and surveys undertaken. To facilitate the understanding of the reader, this book is divided into five parts.

 

 

 

 

 

PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT OF TOURISM (SECOND EDITION)
Johan Afendi Ibrahim & Mohamad Zaki Ahmad
ISBN 978-967-5311-89-5, 207 pgs.
Edited Work (2012)

11Tourism is one industry that is thriving in the world including Malaysia. This is supported by global economic growth as well as improved quality of life of the world's population in terms of income rates, health and free time. The impact of this situation is they are able to travel to every place in the world for holidays, recreation and other purposes. Tourism is seen to become the agent of changes to the economic landscape, environment and social of an area. It creates new growth centres, generate employment opportunities and entrepreneurship to local residents as well as using existing source as a tourist attraction. The government is targeting the development of tourism in rural areas as this location has a wealth of natural and cultural heritage. Planning and development of tourism in a destination needs to be well managed so that destinations able to withstand the long periods while contributing to the environment.

 

 

 

 

NON-AGRICULTURAL INCOME AND POVERTY
Siti Hadijah Che Mat
ISBN 978-967-5311-99-4, 119 pgs.
Original Work (2012)

12In summary, this book is about the correlation between non-agricultural income, income inequality and poverty experienced by farmers in Kedah. Among the important findings described in this book are about the farmers' engagement factors in non-agricultural activities. Among the identified significant influence on farmers' engagement in non-agricultural activities are age, gender, household size, number of dependents, the amendment, land size and the type of agriculture. In addition, the economy of the area where the farmer lived was among the variables which was overlooked by previous studies, also found significant. In short, the book contains evidences indicating that non-agricultural income is able to contribute to the management of poverty but at the same time, non-agricultural income is also causing increasing income inequality among farmers in rural areas.

 

 

 

TOURISM IN MALAYSIA: SELECTED RESEARCH ISSUES
Jabil Mapjabil & Kadir Din
ISBN 978-967-5311-85-7, 204 pgs.
Edited Work (2012)

13This book highlights the various questions and issues related to tourism research scenario in the country. It compiles the article contributed by researchers from various disciplines and thus reflects the diversity of approaches and the study area ? not only representing a diverse perspective, but also a combination of disciplines. Group of authors share opinions and their respective research results on the same theme, namely tourism. Some issues in tourism research presented cover the three perspectives, namely (i) history- the use of the old version in the history, tracing the evidence as well as the concept of tourism traces back to the past; (ii) economic- the economic perspective in tourism by researching the impact of seasonal and volatility of foreign touristpresence to Malaysia; and technology- tourism under review through a contemporary perspective with proof and application of technology, namely geographical information system in map space, behaviour, processes and tourist information.

 

 

 

CAMPUS RECREATION AT UNIVERSITI UTARA MALAYSIA
Azilah Kasim & Hisham Dzakiria
ISBN 978-983-2479-33-9, 85 pgs
Original Work (2003)

14The responsibility of an educational institution to produce graduates who are well balanced, which in turn have scholarly strength and personality. Campus Recreation means the provision of nature or man-made recreational facilities to generate excess energy for students and calming their mind. This book explains the concept of harmony steeped in recreational and implementation of campus recreation at Universiti Utara Malaysia (UUM), a Higher Educational Institution (HEI), famous for the beauty of the landscape that can be considered "university in the garden", with academic concepts. The book also describes the philosophy, goals and operation of campus recreation and research on the concept and philosophy of recreation.

 

 

 

 

EXECUTIVES' FRINGE BENEFITS IN LANGKAWI HOTELS
Rozila Ahmad
Pg. 27-42
ISSN 0128-6226
MMJ Vol. 17, 2013

15An important element of human resources, compensation is an effective tool to attract and retain skilled employees. Despite its crucial importance the literature concerning executive compensation in the hotel industry is very few especially those focusing on fringe benefits. To fill the gap in the hotel human resources literature, this study assessed the level of fringe benefits provided to executives in the hotel industry. The purpose of this empirical study was to gain information regarding executives' compensation in the industry. Stratified random sampling technique was used to ensure that the findings represented hotels of various star-ratings. A total of 250 questionnaires were distributed to the ratio of 6:3:4 to three-, four- and five-star hotels and 104 were returned. The findings revealed that there is a statistically significant difference in the fringe benefits given between three -, four -and five-star hotels, and the star rating of hotels positively correlates with the level of fringe benefits provided to hotel executives.